Theater as an art form and its potential in the education of students

Modern pedagogy considers the possibilities of theater as a real means of artistic education of students. The theater has always been a school of talented spectators. An integral part of both the theater lesson, the elective and theatrical as a means of developing the personality of a person has become a component of theatrical culture, which consists in acquaintance of the students with the theater as an art form, in studying the history of domestic and foreign theater, in mastering elements of acting and staging performances, in which children play. Theatrical education and upbringing is aimed at educating the foundations of the audience culture, developing the skills of the theatrical performance, the students' accumulation of knowledge about the art of theater. Each art, having special means of influence, can and should contribute to the overall system of aesthetic education of schoolchildren.

Theater like no other art has the greatest "capacity". It absorbs the ability of literature to recreate life in its external and internal manifestations in a word, but the word is not a narrative, but a live-sounding, immediately effective one. In this case, unlike literature, the theater recreates reality not in the mind of the reader, but as objectively existing pictures of life (spectacle) located in space. Moreover, in this respect the theater draws closer to painting. However, the theatrical action is in continuous movement, it develops in time - and this is close to the music. Immersion in the world of experiences of the viewer is akin to the state experienced by the listener of music, immersed in his world of subjective perception of sounds. Of course, the theater in no way supersedes other types of art. Specificity of the theater is that it "properties" of literature, painting and music bears through the image of a living acting person. This direct human material for other types of art is only the starting point of creativity. For the theater, "nature" serves as not only material, but also remains in its immediate liveliness. The significance of the task that the theater poses to the viewer in the psychological sense lies in the fact that the artist, perceived in all its complexity and contradiction, perceives the viewer at first as a real, objectively existing character, and then, as he gets into the image and thought over his actions, reveals (as it were independently) its inner essence, its generalizing meaning.

The art of theater has an amazing ability to merge with life. Scenic representation though occurs on the other side of the ramp, at moments of higher tension erases the line between art and life and is perceived by the audience as the most reality.